Plumeria plants also known as Lei flowers or Frangipani, are actually small trees that are native to tropical climates. They are known for fragrant flowers that bloom from spring to fall. As they are easier to grow, they have quite popular in gardens.
There are primarily 6 growth stages of Plumeria. It starts from germination and ends with dormancy. Knowing about all the growth stages would help you to take adequate care of your plant.
Growth Stages of Plumeria
Let us look at each growing stage of Plumeria in detail. Based on whether you grow your Plumeria from seeds or propagate from cuttings, you might skip a couple of stages.
Propagating from cuttings is the preferred option as it is easier compared to growing Plumeria from the seeds.
Stage 1 – Germination
Seeds of Plumeria are formed when a flower is pollinated. It can happen either by wind or flower. You can also buy Plumeria seeds from Amazon.
Planning to grow your Plumeria from seeds, you would need to sow the seeds. Germination happens when the seeds start to grow some roots and tiny leaves.
Stage 2 – Seedlings
This is the stage when Plumeria would grow up a bit but it is still fragile and prone to damage by animals etc. You would need to protect the plant during this stage.
Stage 3 – Vegetative
This is the state when the stem gets hardened a bit to support itself. Further, plumeria absorbs the nutrients (nitrogen) from the soil to grow foliage.
The leaves have chlorophyll that helps the plant to do Photosynthesis. This is a process where plants absorb light from the sun and convert it into energy for themselves while emitting oxygen as a byproduct.
Stage 4 – Budding
This is the stage when small buds start to form. It typically happens approximately 3 years from the seedling stage. You normally start to see the buds in early summer.
Stage 5 – Flowering
Plumeria is primarily grown for its flowers. Plumeria blooms from early summer to fall until the temperatures go down.
To enable more blooming, you would want to keep the plant in sufficient sunlight and warm temperature. Adding Phosphorous rich fertilizer and deadheading can promote further blooming.
Stage 6 – Dormancy
As the winter sets in, Plumeria goes dormant as a natural way to protect itself by conserving the energy. This is the time, you should reduce watering and may help them by moving it indoors if winter is freezing.
You might not be native to tropical climates but with the above knowledge, you can take care of Plumeria in its growing stages.