It is not uncommon for a flowering garden plant to have thorns! But anyone would be eager to learn if azalea bushes have thorns.
Azalea bushes do not have thorns at all. They do not have any sharp structures projecting from their stems. Instead, they may grow to develop certain bark characteristics as they age.
So, plants may develop thorns to dissuade animals from eating them. But, if the plant is poisonous, it does not require thorns! This may be true when it comes to azaleas.
Read on to find out how poisonous azaleas are. Also, why do some plants have thorns and what is the deeper meaning behind them?
Things you should know if you want to grow azaleas: Do Azaleas stay green in winter?
Azalea Bark and Stem Appearance
Many people have seen azalea flowers and their foliage. Although, not many can recall what their bark looks like. This makes people wonder even more what their signifying character is. And if they have one at all!
Azaleas are typically defined as shrubs, not plants (especially so when they become quite established and old). This means their bark is quite thick and woody compared to other garden plants which have stems and twigs.
These are the typical appearances an azalea bush’s bark may have:
- Ridged or plated
- Smooth (when the azalea plant is young and still thin)
- Bark that peels off easily and may hand off
In some instances, azalea shrubs have lichen growing on it. This presents itself as a light off-green color with irregular shapes and a flat almost plastic-like texture. The actual bark itself can be brown, gray, or even red in terms of color.
Are Plant Thorns A Pro or Con?
When thinking about thorns, what plants come to mind? Roses and bougainvillea are probably the answers in everyone’s mind. As a matter of fact, those structures on roses are actually known as prickles which are quite close in function to thorns.
But, the thorns may prompt another thought in the mind of a home gardener.
Are thorns an advantage or disadvantage? Do they play some role in the plant’s life?
Advantages of Thorns
Meanwhile, to evenly put the field let’s take a look at all the reasons why a plant may develop thorns.
It may very well be true that thorns are actually an evolutionary modification. Perhaps the plants may have developed this change in order to protect themselves from herbivorous animals.
Thorns usually stop animals from accessing the plant and consuming the leaves and flowers. This may be a possibility if you live bordering a forest or open land. Perhaps you have wild animals in the area that come into your garden often.
Another case of how thorns protect plants is if you have nosy people who tend to steal your plants! This could deter them and keep your plants full of their flowers.
You might find thorns a weird addition to any plant. But, admit it, roses or any thorny bush would look weird without these protruding parts. Sometimes the thorns act as a form of identity.
Thorns can be a trademark feature of a plant. It can help in identification and it can increase appeal!
Disadvantages of Thorns
Thorns aren’t always a joy when what they are protecting the plant from is you! Here are some reasons why gardeners may not prefer to have plants with thorns.
If azaleas had thorns, it would make them quite dangerous to be around. Just standing over your azalea and checking the leaves would result in scratches or pin-pricks!
This is quite bad news seeing as a pinprick could easily act as an entrance for pathogens. A nasty infection may even result from these scratches and thorn pricks. I guess it’s a blessing in disguise that azaleas do not have thorns!
Difficulty Harvesting Flowers
Suppose your rose plants have bloomed wonderfully and you would like to harvest flowers and put them on display in the house. Getting all the flowers without a few scuffs and scratches will be next to impossible.
Plus the stems of flowers with thorns will require a thorn stripper.
Obstacles in Pruning
Pruning thorned plants can be quite tricky especially when a delicate hand is the need of the hour. Getting your short-handled pruners inside the actual bush can be tough, to say the least. Pruning will also require better tools that won’t be hindered by the hardened thorns.
Are Azaleas Poisonous?
Yes, azaleas are poisonous. This includes the appealing flowers and everything else! Azaleas contain a toxin called grayanotoxin.
The toxicity of the azalea bushes applies to both humans and animals. Symptoms and effects of azalea consumption will vary in humans and animals.
Another worrying aspect about azaleas’ safety as garden plants is that honey bees may collect pollen from azaleas. This could lead to the production of toxic “mad honey”. It has a high concentration of grayanotoxin which is harmful to all who consume it.
Read more about azalea toxicity and bees in; do azalea bushes attract bees.
How toxic are Azaleas to dogs?
Azaleas are just as toxic to dogs as they are to humans. Consuming a few leaves alone can make people, dogs, or even larger animals like horses ill.
Symptoms vary in the quantity ingested, and a few ill effects are mouth irritation, vomiting, and rare occurrences of death.
Be advised to keep azalea flowers away from grazing livestock and pets. If displaying azaleas indoors take care that children do not consume them. They may be tempted to taste the colorful flowers!
Azalea bushes do not have any thorns. Thorns are evolutionary measures plants adapt to protect themselves from animals that eat them. But, azaleas are poisonous and perhaps this is why they lack thorns or any other defensive structures.
Thorns may be beneficial to ward off animals. However, they are also very difficult for garden enthusiasts to deal with!
To compensate for the lack of thorns, azaleas (all variants) are poisonous due to the presence of the Grayanotoxin.